FOCUSdata Project: Foreign Official Communication Using Sentiment Data

Research topics, phrases, and sentiment from Russian, Chinese, Iranian & North Korean foreign ministry statements and state media articles

Select the country and database (e.g. China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs or Global Times, Russia’s Sputnik, etc.), then search using the terms of your choice, or access our lists of top topics and phrases. Select a database using the menus above or information below. Export your findings for further research using the tools of your choice. Data provided for non-commercial, academic research only.


Analyze what Russia, North Korea, China, and Iran have published in English through their official media or foreign ministry websites on any topic of interest, from area studies and political science to economics and pop culture. Use the links above to select a database and then enter your search term(s). For those interested in downloading an entire dataset, please contact us, or visit our ‘dataverse‘ on Harvard’s Dataverse site.

The FOCUSdata project was created by the National Security Studies Department at New Jersey City University (NJCU) working with the Rutgers University Center for Critical Intelligence Studies under a grant from the U.S. Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI). The information we provide here is for non-commercial, academic research purposes only; please include your academic affiliation when requesting one of our datasets.

Russia: Search articles from Russia’s Sputnik News, Russia Today and the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The data includes hundreds of thousands of English articles, some sources going back over 10 years.

China: Search our Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) database of English content posted starting in November 2000, or search the top topics of China’s MOFA from 2000 through 2019. Also available are hundreds of thousands of English-language articles from People’s Daily and Global Times.

North Korea: Search English-language articles from North Korea’s Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) posted from 1 October 2008 to 27 February 2020 or visit our KCNA dataverse for access to Korean-language articles from 1 Oct 2013 to 31 Jan 2021, just over 105,000 articles. Rodong Sinmun – search our database of English content posted from 2 January 2018 to 31 December 2019. This content represents all articles available at the time of the scrape in January 2020, just over 7,100 unique articles.

Iran: Sarch Iran’s Islamic Republic News Agency database or Ministry of Foreign Affairs database. The Ministry data contains English statements from the Ministry spokesperson, Iranian President, Iranian’s Supreme Leader, and the Foreign Affairs Minister.


FOCUSdata Project


Demokratizatsiya: Sentiment Shifts and a New Approach to Strategic Narratives Analysis: Russian Rhetoric on Ukraine

Abstract: How do countries’ strategic narratives (SNs) evolve during conflicts? Are changes in sentiment in diplomatic communication related to kinetic developments? This paper assesses Russian rhetoric toward Ukraine from 2004 to 2019…

West Point’s Modern War Institute: Teaching Data Analysis to US Army Soldiers

At an exercise during the summer of 2023, several units in the US Army Reserve conducted data analysis training using our Russia data, then published an article on what they learned. We…

THE CONVERSATION: Decrying Nazism – even when it’s not there – has been Russia’s ‘Invade country for free’ card

Oleg Morozov, a member of the Russian parliament and an ally of President Vladimir Putin’s, made what sounded much like a threat in May 2022.  Poland should be “in first place in…

FOREIGN POLICY ANALYSIS: Focusdata: Foreign Policy through Language and Sentiment

Abstract: Countries routinely translate official statements and state media articles from native languages to English. Over time, these articles provide a window into what each government is trying to portray to the…

THE CONVERSATION: Using lies and disinformation, Putin and his team have been building the case for a Ukraine invasion for 14 years

As the invasion of Ukraine began in late February 2022, President Vladimir Putin offered several justifications for why Russia had no other option. First: Russia needed to fight the rise of fascism and neo-Nazism…

Data is Plural: Foreign ministry statements.

The FOCUSdata project, led by New Jersey City University’s National Security Studies Department, has compiled English-language statements and articles from the foreign ministries and state media in Russia, North Korea, China, and Iran. Many of the collections span…